Timothy, epistles to

Together with the epistle to Titus, these letters are called ‘Pastoral[[➝ Pastoral Epistles]] because they deal primarily with the concerns of members of the Churches. Traditionally, it has been held that after Paul was released from prison in Rome he continued his evangelistic ministry in Crete, where he was re-arrested (cf. Tit. 1:5). In this event, Paul's theology and ethical teaching had developed since writing to the Corinthians. But is this plausible' Fathers from the time of Irenaeus regard the epistles as authentically Pauline, it is true, but arguments against this view are strong: the heresy denounced is more Gnostic than anything otherwise known in Paul's lifetime, but early in the 2nd cent. such teaching was common. The organization of the Church has become a dominant issue, requiring much advice in the epistles. The vocabulary and literary style of the epistles seem, even in translation, to be different from Paul's. However, the majority view is that the epistles were written later in the 1st or early in the 2nd cent. by a pseudonymous author, who sincerely believed that he was writing what would have been Paul's own words in the new situation.
The letters consist of a charge to Timothy (2:1–6:19) outlining the essential qualities for Church leadership and deploring excessive asceticism, as proposed by heretics. The second epistle commends the experience of suffering as being evidence of true vocation (2 Tim. 1:8–2:26).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Timothy — noun a) Books in the New Testament of the Bible (1 Timothy and 2 Timothy), epistles to Timothy. b) A companion of Paul. See Also: Tim., Timotheus, Tim, Timmy …   Wiktionary

  • Epistles to Timothy and Titus —     Epistles to Timothy and Titus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistles to Timothy and Titus     (THE PASTORALS)     STS. TIMOTHY AND TITUS     Saints Timothy and Titus were two of the most beloved and trusted disciples of St. Paul, whom they… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistles to the Thessalonians —     Epistles to the Thessalonians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistles to the Thessalonians     Two of the canonical Epistles of St. Paul. This article will treat the Church of Thessalonica, the authenticity, canonicity, time and place of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistles to the Corinthians —     Epistles to the Corinthians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistles to the Corinthians     INTRODUCTORY     St. Paul Founds the Church at Corinth     St. Paul s first visit to Europe is graphically described by St. Luke (Acts, xvi xviii). When …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Timothy Dwight V — (November 16, 1828 ndash; May 26, 1916) was president of Yale University from 1886 through 1899.Dwight was born in Norwich, Connecticut, the son of James Dwight, whose father, Timothy Dwight IV, served as president of Yale College from 1795 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Timothy and Titus, Epistles to — • Disciples of St. Paul Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Timothy — Tim o*thy (Bible) A disciple and companion of St. Paul. He was the son of a Greek and a Jewess, and his home was either at Derbe, or Lystra in Lycaonia. Paul set him apart as a minister of the new gospel, and after preaching in Macedonia and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Timothy,Saint — Timothy,Saint. First century A.D. Christian leader and companion of Saint Paul. Two epistles of the New Testament, ascribed to Paul, are addressed to him. * * * …   Universalium

  • Epistles — The word epistle is from the Greek word epistolos which means a written letter addressed to a recipient or recipients, perhaps part of exchanged correspondence. Nowadays this term is usually used in connection with a specific group of books in… …   Wikipedia

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